For example according to the tradition the Prophet asked a slave girl, ‘where is God?’, she replied: 'he is in the heavens', the Prophet asked ‘who am I?’ she replied: 'you are the Messenger of God', the Prophet on this replied to her master, ‘free her, she is a believer’. (Sahih Muslim). From the common sense God is greater than to be in heaven and yet the Prophet did not correct the girl. Another example, according to the tradition 'God descend every night and look for those asks for his mercy'. (Sahih Muslim). Another tradition say that 'God descends until he reaches the Eden heaven, where God dwells'. (Kitab al-Tawheed by ibn Khuzayma). We know that is one half of the earth is in night and the other is in day time. If we take this tradition literally, which means God descends on one side of the earth and not both. likewise, does he (God) ascend back on his throne and when?
Majority of early Muslims found this is difficult to comprehend and realized that the doctrine they inherited from their forefathers was suitable for those who freshly left paganism and need to reveal the essence of the Prophet Message in its truer form. After a string of events since the Prophet death, many has realized that the doctrine of Islam is about giving the full power to the ruler. During the Abbasid caliph al-Ma’mun (d. 218 A.H/ 833 C.E.), he was brave enough to arrange an open debates and intellectual discussions in his courtyard. All this has occurred only few generations after the death of Prophet, then many of the traditions were in their earliest stage of collection and before the formation of the doctrines of the traditionalist (the Salafia).
Many issues were discussed such as does God have hands, feet, face, hear and see? Did God pre-destine our action before time and why? Many critical issues on Tawhid inherited by the later Muslims were unclear. which became a streong motive to traditionalist to collect large selection of traditions to clarify the concept of Tawhid, however, many of these traditions were affected by the interpretation of the narrator and not literally as their original form received from the Prophet.