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What did the Sahaba understand of Tawheed?

Islam is one of three the monotheistic beliefs, claims strongly on being the only true Religion of God. According to the traditions the Sahaba (followers of the Prophet Muhammad d. 11 A.H/ 632 C.E), came from different backgrounds, the Prophet hardly had any discussions with them on the concept of Tawhid (Oneness of God). The questions raised by the later generations were far harder than those of the Sahaba. It seems there were many critical issues were left un-discussed between the Prophet and his companions on the concept of One God, Angels and heaven and hell.

For example according to the tradition the Prophet asked a slave girl, ‘where is God?’, she replied: 'he is in the heavens', the Prophet asked ‘who am I?’ she replied: 'you are the Messenger of God', the Prophet on this replied to her master, ‘free her, she is a believer’. (Sahih Muslim). From the common sense God is greater than to be in heaven and yet the Prophet did not correct the girl. Another example, according to the tradition 'God descend every night and look for those asks for his mercy'. (Sahih Muslim).
Another tradition say that 'God descends until he reaches the Eden heaven, where God dwells'. (Kitab al-Tawheed by ibn Khuzayma). We know that is one half of the earth is in night and the other is in day time. If we take this tradition literally, which means God descends on one side of the earth and not both. likewise, does he (God) ascend back on his throne and when?

Majority of early Muslims found this is difficult to comprehend and realized that the doctrine they inherited from their forefathers was suitable for those who freshly left paganism and need to reveal the essence of the Prophet Message in its truer form. After a string of events since the Prophet death, many has realized that the doctrine of Islam is about giving the full power to the ruler. During the Abbasid caliph al-Ma’mun (d. 218 A.H/ 833 C.E.), he was brave enough to arrange an open debates and intellectual discussions in his courtyard. All this has occurred only few generations after the death of Prophet, then many of the traditions were in their earliest stage of collection and before the formation of the doctrines of the traditionalist (the Salafia).

Many issues were discussed such as does God have hands, feet, face, hear and see? Did God
pre-destine our action before time and why? Many critical issues on Tawhid inherited by the later Muslims were unclear. which became a streong motive to traditionalist to collect large selection of traditions to clarify the concept of Tawhid, however, many of these traditions were affected by the interpretation of the narrator and not literally as their original form received from the Prophet.


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Recording of the Qur’an

Table of Contents
Name of the Qur’an
The story of Verse 95 from Surah 4
Conflict of the Well of Maᶜuna [بئر معونة]
Sermon of the pool of khumm (Khutbatul Ghadir)
Calamity of Thursday Raziatul Khamīs (11 A.H)
The compilation of the Qur’an
Were the seven aḥruf a seven dialects?
The forgotten Surah

The recording of the Qur’an is one of the most controversial topics among those which deal with the history and background of the Qur’an. Many Western scholars such as Wansbrough, Schacht and Jeffery have debated it. In this paper I discuss the stages of recording of the Qur’an, the different aḥruf Arabic dialects and towards the end I investigating the reasons behind the different qira’at, finally drawing some conclusions.

Name of the Qur’an
Most popular opinion has it that the word ‘Qur’an’ comes from qara’a, meanings to read or recite and Qur’an is the verbal noun of qara’a , (وقرأ الكتاب قراءة، قرآنا - بالضم). However, one of the definitions …

كيف فهم الصحابة التوحيد

الصحابة جاءوا من مختلف العقائد والأديان مثل عبد الله بن السلام أحد شباب اليهود وسلمان الفارسي وورقة بن نوفل وتميم الداري النصراني والنجاشي وعدي بن ابي حاتم الطائي وبلال الحبشي ومن العرب مثل عمر بن الخطاب وأبي سفيان لكننا لم نسمع شيئا أو نرى أثرا صحيحا يدل على أن حوارا دار بينهم وبين الرسول حول عقيدة التوحيد وماذا كانوا يعتقدون في الله. ويبدو لي ان جهود الرسول (ص) الحقيقية كانت تدور حول إتمام مكارم أخلاق العرب كما قال "بعثت لأتمم مكارم الأخلاق" (الأدب المفرد للبخاري). فمن أين إذا جاءت عقيدة هذه الفرق الإسلامية التي تكفر بعضها البعض بحجة ان دين الإسلام هو دين التوحيد؟
ولو عملنا مقارنة بسيطة بين أسئلة الصحابة للرسول وبين أسئلة المسلمين بعد قرنين من وفاة الرسول، لوجدت الفرق الشاسع بينهما وللمسنا بان المسلمين فيما بعد أسئلتهم أكثر تعقيدا من الصحابة لأن التعاليم القديمة كانت تصب في إتباع شخص الرسول وأنه الناطق الوحيد بإسم الله على الأرض.

هذه صورة من فلم الرسالة التي تمثل بحمزة عم النبي الذي كان أحد قواد جيش المسلمين في معركة بدر
أهي الإبراهيمية الحنيفية؟
لكنهم لم يك…